Polycystic kidney disease is a kidney-related problem that arises because of the development of cysts on the kidneys. It is mostly genetic and is characterized by the fluid-filled growth. Unlike simple kidney cysts, polycystic kidney cyst is usually harmful and can alter the shape of the kidneys. They grow by 0.5 inches or larger and enlarge the size of the renal. So, kidney cysts appear to be life-threatening as they threaten the working of the other nearby organs.

PKD is a type of chronic kidney disease that gradually destroys the normal kidney function and ultimately stage to renal failure if the condition is not taken care of. The abstain growth of the cysts can also call many complications, such as high blood pressure, the outward growth of the cysts in the ovaries or lungs, or issues with blood vessels in the heart and the brain.

Are there any types of kidney cysts?

Yes, the kidney cysts are not entirely genetic and based on the inheritance pattern as we do have two types of kidney cysts.

  1. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
  2. Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease

Autosomal dominant PKD

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common type of PKD. It affects the population in a large number than ARDPKD does. It affects 1 out of 400 people and is the most common hereditary problem people face in their lives. Usually, the signs and symptoms appear when the person reaches the age of 30 and 50. Hence, called adult PKD.

Autosomal dominant means only one parent can pass the PKD gene to the child. The genes that are involved in the occurrence of ADPKD include PKD1 and PKD 2. And the complications that may appear with ADPKD include:


Pain is the common complication of ADPKD and is usually caused by:

  • Liver cysts
  • Kidney cyst infection
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Kidney stones
  • Bleeding or bursting of the kidney cysts

High blood pressure

Those with ADPKD usually have high blood pressure because of the low kidney function which increases fluid retention. High blood pressure can increase your risk of heart disease and stroke and may damage the kidneys even more.

Kidney failure

Kidney failure means the kidneys are no longer capable of carrying out routine tasks and passing the urine. Untreated kidney failure can lead to coma and death, which is why it is essential to treat them with the best polycystic kidney disease treatment in India.

Other complications of ADPKD include:

  • Abnormal heart valves
  • Brain aneurysms
  • Liver cysts
  • Pancreatic cysts
  • Urinary tract problems such as kidney stones or UTI
  • Problem in conceiving

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease is a rare genetic disorder that holds its grip on 1 out of 20,000 children. Even a baby who is not born yet and in the womb may also have fluid-filled cysts in the growing kidneys. It may cause the baby in the womb to have poor or low kidney function and so-called “infantile PKD.”

Poor kidney function can also disturb the normal function of the other associated organs such as problem in the lung function may cause breathing issues. But, if your baby can outlive the initial days, he or she has a good chance of surviving for years. However, children or adults need polycystic kidney disease treatment for the rest of their lives.

The complications that ARPKD imposes on the child are as follow:

Children with ARPKD often who survive the first few days of their life will have one or more of the following complications:

Breathing problems

Babies with ARPKD often die within a few hours because they cannot breathe well. Their lungs do not grow well when they develop as fetus.

Liver problems

The tissues of the liver get scarred and are usually present at the time of the birth. Besides, this grows severe over time.

The inheritance pattern of PKD

Most cases of PKD have an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. People with ADPKD are born with a gene mutation in the PKD1 or PKD 2 gene in each cell. In about 9 cases out of 10, the diseased get an inheritance from only one affected parent who has the faulty gene.

The remaining 1 case of inheritance, new gene mutation occurs, and they have no family history of the disease. Although one copy of the gene is sufficient to cause the disorder, the additional mutation of the PKD1 or PKD 2 may enforce the kidney cyst to grow faster with severe complications in the body.

The growth rate of cysts is dependent on how the cysts are enlarging or causing loss of kidney function. How quickly the condition progress is dependent on the gene mutation; in some cases, the condition causes severe complications while in others, there are relatively less comorbidities. No matter the case, it is quintessential to get it treated with the help of Ayurveda. Earlier, you start the polycystic kidney disease treatment, and the more are the chances of getting better with time.

Polycystic kidney disease can also have an autosomal recessive inheritance. The diseased with an autosomal recessive pattern is bound to receive two altered copies of the PKHD1 in each of the cells. The alteration in the PKHD1 does not make them suffer from ARPKD; instead, they are only the carriers of the altered gene and can pass the condition to the coming generations.

Diagnosing PKD

Your health care provider will check for the existence of PKD using imaging and genetic testing. He will screen PKD based on these tests and your age, the history of PKD in family members, and the number of cysts or its related complications.

Imaging testing

  • Imaging testing is a way of reading the inner structure of the kidneys.
  • Ultrasound
  • Computed Tomography
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Genetic testing

Genetic testing is done by the geneticist to check for blood or saliva sample, which is tested in a lab for the gene mutations that cause ADPKD. The genetic testing take time to get completed.

How can you manage PKD?

Doctors have not yet found a way to manage PKD but some preventive measures may help you to slow down the progression of PKD. Along with some preventive measures, be rigid when taking polycystic kidney disease treatment in ayurvedic.

The ayurvedic treatment by us will allow you improve the quality of life your baby or you are living with PKD. Doctor Puneet Dhawan's tremendous efforts have made it possible for the patients with PKD to get rid of PKD. There is no viable treatment of PKD in allopathy yet but Ayurvedic herbs can help heal the kidney's cells and tissues.

For more updates on PKD and Polycystic kidney disease treatment in Ayurveda, meet us with your reports!